Pregnancy: How It Can Affect Your Dental Health

Taking care of your teeth during your pregnancy is top priority. Pregnancy not only affects a woman’s body but even her teeth, and that is just one more thing you need to take care of when you are pregnant. Here are some of the ways your pregnancy can affect your dental health.


Pregnancy Gingivitis

What is gingivitis? Gingivitis is the inflammation of gum tissue that is caused by bacteria in dental plaque. One of the things pregnant women will notice is the changes in their gums, it could look redder and/or could bleed while brushing their teeth. Some pregnant women also have bleeding and severe swelling in their gums. Pregnancy gingivitis could start as from the second month of pregnancy and its conditions could intensify around the eighth month and then begin to wane after the birth of the baby.

The symptoms for pregnancy gingivitis is the same as for gingivitis, but as in the case of pregnancy gingivitis the front of the mouth is the most common place that is affected. The reason for this could be increased hormone levels as during pregnancy, the progesterone levels in your body could be about 10 times higher than normal. This could cause the growth of bacteria that cause gingivitis, another reason could be because your immune system might work differently when you are pregnant.

If you have pregnancy gingivitis, go to your dentist and have it treated by cleaning your gums and teeth preferably during the second trimester.


Pregnancy Granuloma

Pregnancy granuloma (pregnancy tumor or pyogenic granuloma) is a growth that develops on the gums and occurs in about 2% to 10% pregnant women. These tumors are not cancerous and are not dangerous; however, they are known to cause discomfort. Pregnancy granuloma develops during the second trimester and are small red nodules that are found near the upper gum line and the mouth. The tumors bleed very easily and can also form an ulcer. Poor oral hygiene, hormones, trauma, blood vessel malformation and viruses could be the cause of the tumors. This will normally disappear after the birth of the baby.

If the growth interferes with your eating or speaking, you might need to have it removed before giving birth. However, most of the time, the growth will return after you have had it removed.


Dry Mouth

Another common dental condition that affects pregnant women is dry mouth. To combat this condition, you can drink sufficient water and use sugar-free candy and gum to help stimulate saliva in your mouth.


Tooth Erosion

Many pregnant women suffer from morning sickness during the whole course of their pregnancy. If you are vomiting frequently, it can erode the enamel from the back of your front teeth.


Excessive Saliva

Some pregnant women feel they have excessive saliva in their mouths. This is one of the conditions that take place very early during a pregnancy. Pregnant women with this condition are relatively less compared to those other dental health problems. This condition normally stops towards the end of the first trimester.

Taking care of your dental health during your pregnancy is very important. You can schedule a visit with your dentist and take care of any dental problems that you might have that is related to your pregnancy.


About the Author:

Libby Winter works for Kings Dental, A Family Friendly Dentist in Garland Texas that offers General & Preventive Dental Treatments as well as Restorative Dentistry.

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